Charlotte Danielson’s Framework for Effective Teaching

This research-based framework identifies and enumerates the qualities of quality teaching into four domains. This framework is a cornerstone of the NTC model and will serve as a key tool to aid in the analysis of teaching between lead mentors and novice teachers.

The Framework for Teaching:
Components of Professional Practice

Domain 1: Planning and PreparationDomain 2: The Classroom Environment
  • Demonstrating Knowledge of Content
    and Pedagogy Demonstrating
  • Knowledge of Students
  • Setting Instructional Outcomes
  • Demonstrating Knowledge of Resources
  • Designing Coherent Instruction
  • Designing Student Assessments
  • Creating an Environment of Respect and Rapport
  • Establishing a Culture for Learning
  • Managing Classroom Procedures
  • Managing Student Behavior
  • Organizing Physical Space
Domain 4: Professional ResponsibilitiesDomain 3: Instruction
  • Reflecting on Teaching
  • Maintaining Accurate Records
  • Communicating with Families
  • Participating in a Professional
  • Community
  • Growing and Developing Professionally
  • Showing Professionalism

  • Communicating with Students
  • Using Questioning and Discussion
  • Techniques
  • Engaging Students in Learning
  • Using Assessment in Instruction
  • Demonstrating Flexibility and Responsiveness
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